頁數：61﹣86 無孔不入的媒體現實：直接和間接經驗對香港與廣州受眾犯罪觀念的影響 Comparing Direct and Mediated Experience as Sources of Crime Perception in Hong Kong and Guanzhou
Zhongshi Guo, Jianhua Zhu, Huailin Chen,‧Xu Yu,‧Yu Huang
cultivation effect, impersonal influence, crime coverage, crime perception, third neighborhood effect, media effects
Integrating the cultivation and impersonal impact approaches, this research assessed the relative contribution of direct experience, interpersonal communication, and media use habits on crime perceptions by people from two communities, Hong Kong and mainland city of Guangzhou. Data from newspaper content, parallel surveys, and official statistics were obtained in both communities in 1997 and 1999 to investigate the impact of the three perception sources on: estimates of crime rates, mean world judgments, and fear of crime. Within and cross-community comparisons closely connected individuals’ heightened crime perceptions with media’s sensational crime coverage. Direct experience and knowledge about the other community tended to contradict the media world, although interpersonal discussions appeared to compliment media portrayals. Findings showed some supportive evidence for the prediction that cultivation and impersonal impact would become strengthened when the object of evaluation was removed from one’s own community. This “other-community effect” tended to be reinforced by informal communication.