頁數:89﹣132
認同、黑道敘事與臺灣政客形象: 港產電影的「臺灣政治」再現
Identity, Gangsters’ Narrative, and Image of Taiwan Politicians: Representations of Taiwan Politics in Hong Kong Cinema
2018/
137
作者(中) 倪炎元
作者(英) Yen-Yuan Ni
關鍵詞(中) 再現、香港電影、臺灣政治
關鍵詞(英) representation, Hong Kong cinema, Taiwan politics
中文摘要 本研究係透過三部香港電影中所再現的臺灣政治,進行論述與敘事結構的探討。在當代華語電影中,直接以臺灣政壇或政治人物為敘事主軸的電影,一直是個相當稀少的文類。這中間臺產電影的作品更是趨近於零,但香港影壇卻是先後出品了幾部涉及臺灣政壇或臺灣政治人物為題材的電影,這幾部作品建構了一種相當特殊,以香港人視角為主體的「臺灣政治」再現,本研究即透過幾組處理文化政治的觀點,檢視相關電影文本中所再現或所框架的臺灣政治。本論文發現,三部電影中所呈現的臺灣政治意象,是一面倒的集中在黑金掛勾、權力角逐、幕後交易、權謀操縱與暴力暗殺等負面層面。三部電影也都以臺灣做為鏡象的他者,來強化香港人本身的認同。三部電影中演繹臺灣政客的主角人選,多半是由港星擔綱,本土臺籍演員多半只是擔任配角。同時三部電都是選擇從黑道敘事切入,黑道人物與幫派成為香港編導書寫與描寫臺灣政治的主要敘事結構。
英文摘要 This study explores the discourse and narrative structure of three films from Hong Kong based on their representation of Taiwanese politics. Among contemporary Chinese films, those that directly use Taiwan’s politics or political figures as their narrative focus make up a rare genre, especially as film productions produced in Taiwan are close to nil. However, the Hong Kong film industry has successively produced several films on the subject of Taiwan’s politics or political figures, constructing a rather unique representation of “Taiwan’s politics” with Hong Kong people’s perspective as the main subject. Therefore, this study examines Taiwan’s politics presented or framed in related film texts through several cultural and political perspectives. This paper finds that “Taiwan’s political imagery” as represented by the three films has a one-sided focus on organized crime, corruption, power games, behind-the-scenes trading, power manipulation, violence, assassinations, and other negative aspects. All three films used Taiwan as a form of a mirror in order to strengthen the Hong Kong people’s own identity. Most of the actors playing Taiwanese politicians in the three films are Hong Kong celebrities, while local Taiwanese actors typically have just supporting roles. At the same time, all three films choose gang narratives to start the story, making triads and gangs of the underworld the main narrative structures of Hong Kong screenwriters’ and directors’ description of Taiwan’s politics.
 
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