頁數:87﹣133
新聞攝影裡「生活」與「日常」的奇觀化: World Press Photo「日常生活」類得獎作品分析 (2010-2016)
Spectacularizing Life and the Everyday in Photojournalism: A Critical Analysis on Award- winning Images in the “Daily Life” Category of the World Press Photo Contest, 2010-2016
2017/
133
作者(中) 郭力昕
作者(英) Li-Hsin Kuo
關鍵詞(中) World Press Photo(WPP)、《生活》雜誌、日常生 活、新聞攝影、奇觀化
關鍵詞(英) World Press Photo (WPP), LIFE magazine, daily life, photojournalism, spectacularization
中文摘要 本文通過荷蘭 World Press Photo 國際新聞攝影大賽過去七年在「日常生活」類的得獎作品,分析以西方新聞攝影競賽機制所主導的代表性影像,如何看待「生活」與「日常」。本文追溯首先建立西方新聞攝影理念、競賽機制與照片內容分類模式的《生活》雜誌,如何形塑了美國與西歐的新聞攝影「傳統」,「發明」了美國與全球對生活方式的某種想像或模仿,進而影響 WPP 對「日常生活」影像的鼓勵與實踐方向。本文 認為,來自世界各地日常生活現場的 WPP「日常生活」類得獎作品,其取材重點、拍攝角度、影像風格,與作品預設的觀 者,皆使所有地區、尤其來自非西方社會的日常生活影像,變 成一種文化或視覺上的奇觀。本文同時指出,WPP 在傳播與文化市場上的強大影響力,造成西方攝影記者持續前往非西方地區獵取「日常生活奇觀」,也造成非西方地區的在地攝影師,以西方國家舉辦之新聞攝影競賽的評審口味、選材或美學取向,觀看自己社會裡的「日常生活」。
英文摘要 This paper studies award-winning photographs in the “Daily Life” category of the World Press Photo (WPP) contest during 2010-2016, and analyzes how those images from this influential photojournalistic institution in the West look at “life” and “the everyday”. The essay reviews LIFE magazine, from which a certain set of professional conventions in Western photojournalism was “invented”, and explains how it has shaped and encouraged the practices in WPP. The essay argues that award-winning photographic images in this category of WPP from all over the world, particularly those from non-Western areas, have transformed daily lives into cultural/visual spectacles through the contents selected, special angles/visual styles taken, or anticipated readers of the works. Due to the WPP’s immense power in media and culture, this paper further contends that photojournalists from non-Western countries internalize such approaches exercised by Western photographers and jury members, and eventually self-exoticize the daily lives in their own societies.
 
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