頁數:1﹣47
派遣的逆襲:公廣集團「內部外派」勞動與派遣工會運動
The “In-House Agency Work” in the PTS and the Union Movement of Agency Workers
2016/
128
作者(中) 劉昌德
作者(英) Chang-De Liu
關鍵詞(中) 工作貧窮化、非典型雇用、派遣勞動、媒體工作者、 媒體工會
關鍵詞(英) agency work, atypical employment, media unions, media workers, pauperization of work
中文摘要 公廣集團自 2008 年後大量使用派遣勞動,約 200 名的派 遣工占整體員工比例高達 20%;當中多數長年在各部門負責核 心工作,薪資福利與進用考核等都由公廣集團決定,派遣公司 僅是名義雇主,構成「內部外派」(in-house agency work)的假派遣。經由問卷調查與深度訪談發現,多數派遣工年紀輕、 學歷高,卻面臨工作不穩定與「同工不同酬」的歧視,因此雖 對公廣有高度認同,但也對勞動條件普遍不滿。2013 年派遣工組成工會抗爭,促使董事會一度承諾全面納編,但資方同時提 出的人事縮編規劃卻引發傾向「排除型」態度的正職員工及企 業工會反彈,最後大多數派遣工獲得納編、但少數遭到資遣。公廣派遣工會運動展現了追求「公共價值」與青年反抗「工作貧窮化」兩項特點,標誌出台灣媒體及非典型雇用者之工會運 動的里程碑。
英文摘要 The number of agency workers in the PTS had increased rapidly since 2008, while a total of around 200 agency workers represented 20% of the PTS employees during recent years. However, most of agency works in the PTS were “long-term core jobs” rather than “temporary peripheral jobs,” and the recruitment, remuneration and benefits of agency workers were actually decided by the user enterprise, the PTS, rather than the employment agency. The agency employment in the PTS, therefore, had become the “in-house agency work” which broke the rules of related employment laws. According to the findings based on the questionnaire survey and in-depth interviews, the PTS agency workers were relatively young and high-educated, but most of them suffered from job insecurity and wage discrimination. Most interviewees were discontent with poor working conditions while highly evaluated and identified with the public interests that the PTS pursued. In 2013, the PTS agency employees established a union and urged the management for a transition to standard employment. Nevertheless, the standard employees and their union (the PTS union) spoke out against the “total transition plan,” and forced the employer laid off 6 agency workers while a total of 130 agency workers were successfully transited. The union movement of the PTS agency workers is unique for its two characteristics, including the internalization of public interests among the PTS members, and the young generation’s disobedience to the capitalism under the crisis of pauperization of work.
 
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