頁數:47﹣92
文化區異或文化雜食?──以Bourdieu 觀點分析 大高雄地區民眾藝文參與和階級再製
Distinction or Omnivorousness? -- An Analysis of Cultural Participation and Class Reproduction in Kaohsiung from the Perspective of Pierre Bourdieu
2016/
126
作者(中) 陳志賢
作者(英) Chih-Hsien Chen
關鍵詞(中) 文化資本、品味、文化區異、文化雜食、階級再製、 藝文參與
關鍵詞(英) class reproduction, cultural capital, cultural omnivorousness, cultural participation, distinction, taste
中文摘要 本研究聚焦於階級政治的文化面向,主要研究問題有四:
一、瞭解大高雄地區居民藝文參與的類型與數量;二、探討影
響文化品味的可能因素;三、檢測影響藝文參與類型與數量的
可能因素;四、評估藝文參與的文化區異與階級再製結果。研
究透過問卷調查以釐清高雄藝文參與的前因後果,與Bourdieu
的理論對話,分析不同資本與品味導致的文化區異,以及文化
區異可能造成的階級再製。研究結果發現,受訪者最常接觸的
藝文類型為音樂、電影與動畫。迴歸分析顯示,文化資本影響
藝文活動的參與類型與數量,而藝文參與又區隔出階級認同的
差異,並再製既有文化資本優勢,還帶動與社會資本之間的流
轉。整體而言,大高雄地區受訪者擁有不同的資本組成與資本
量傾向於接觸不同的藝文類型,而文化資本的多寡又正向地顯
著影響藝文參與的多樣程度,文化區異與文化雜食兩現象並
存,藝文參與也造成某些階級區異與階級再製效果。
英文摘要 Focusing upon cultural politics of class relations, this study uses the case
of Kaohsiung to explore into four major research questions: How do people
participate in cultural activities? What are the possible factors that have
influenced cultural taste? What are significant variables related to the quality
and quantity of cultural participation? And to what extent there do exist
distinction and class reproduction? Data have been collected through a citywide
telephone random survey and analyzed from the perspective of Pierre
Bourdieu to sort out the causes and consequences of cultural participation.
Statistic results show that music, movie and animation are the most popular
cultural activities and they are regarded as the very cultural industries that
should be fully promoted by the government as well. Cultural capital,
according to regression analyses, determines the quality and quantity of
cultural participation, whereas cultural participation has further demarcated
the difference of class identities, reproduced existing cultural advantage, and
facilitated the exchange between cultural capital and social capital. Overall speaking, the composition and volume of cultural capital and economic
capital are related to the quality of cultural participation. The volume of
cultural capital has positive correlation with the quantity of cultural
participation. Distinction, thus, works with cultural omnivorousness side by
side, and the outcomes of cultural participation in return have led to certain
kinds of class identification and class reproduction.
 
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